Total size of Indonesia's rubber plantation area has risen steadily during the last decade. As prospects of the rubber industry were positive, there has been a shift away from commodities such as cocoa, coffee and tea, in favour of the establishment of oil palm and rubber plantations. Smallholder rubber estates have increased, while government and private rubber estates have shown a slight decrease, probably due to a shift in focus to palm oil.
As the second-largest producer, Indonesia exports about 85% of its rubber to the international market. Since the 1980s, the Indonesian rubber industry has shown steady increase in production. Most of the country's rubber production - around 80 percent - is accounted for by small farmers. Compared to other rubber producers, Indonesia records a low level of productivity per hectare. This is in large part due to the general older age of its rubber trees in combination with low investment capability in terms of replanting by the small farmers.
Most of Indonesia's rubber production stems from the provinces of: (1) South Sumatra, (2) North Sumatra, (3) Riau, (4) Jambi and (5) West Kalimantan.
(as updated in January 2021)
Natural Rubber Statistics of Indonesia